Toolless Manufacturing of Complex Structures

Lithography based Additive Manufacturing technologies (L-AMT) are capable of fabricating parts with excellent surface quality, good feature resolution and high precision. ToMax is a European project (Horizon 2020, Factories of the Future) which aims at developing integrated lithography-based Additive Manufacturing systems for the fabrication of ceramic parts with high shape complexity.


Aim of the project

The focus of the project is to unite industrial know-how in the field of software development, photopolymers and ceramics, high performance light-sources, system integration, life cycle analysis, industrial exploitation and rewarding end-user cases. The consortium will provide 3D-printers with high throughput and outstanding materials and energy efficiency.

Targeted end-use applications include ceramics for aerospace engineering, medical devices and energy efficient lighting applications. The consortium is aiming to exploit disruptive applications of L-AMT by developing process chains beyond the current state of the art.

Overall, the consortium will provide innovative, resource efficient manufacturing processes. ToMax will develop energy-efficient machinery and processes, with a focus on manufacturing of alumina, silicon nitride and cermet parts with high shape complexity.

By relying on L-AMT, the following objectives are targeted byToMax:


  • ToMax will provide methods which are 75% more material efficient with respect to traditional manufacturing.
  • Are 25% more material efficient with respect to current AMT approaches by using computational modelling to optimize geometries and by providing recyclable wash-away supports.
  • ToMax will provide methods which are 35% more energy efficient than current AMT approaches by developing 50% faster thermal processing procedures.
  • Incorporate recycling for the first time in L-AMT of engineering ceramics.


R2M Solution
TU Wien
Universidad Politecnica Madrid



This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 633192.